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Nilgiri Mountain Railway India : Paul Howard

The metre gauge Nigiri Mountain Railway starts from  Mettupalaiyam. and was opened for traffic in June 1899.  It was first operated by the Madras Railway under an agreement with the Indian Government.
The line was extended to Ootacamund from Coonoor  in 1908 on the same gauge over a distance of 11 3/4 miles.

The Railway line from Mettupalaiyam to Ooty is 45.88 km. long and lies partly in Coimbatore District and partly in Nilgiri District of Tamilnadu, on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. Mettupalaiyam is at the foothills with an elevation of about 330 meters and Udagamandalam (Ooty) on the plateau with an elevation of 2200 metres. The average gradient of this line is about 1 in 24.5.

There are 250 bridges on the section, out of which 32 are major ones and 15 are road over bridges. There are 16 tunnels between Kallar and Ooty.
The Maximum permissible speed on Mettupalaiyam-Kallar and Coonoor-Udagamandalam  "Non-Rack" system is 30kmph,  while between Kallar and Coonoor  on the "RacK" section the maximum permissible speed is 13 kmph. The region covered by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway gets rainfall during the south-west and north-east monsoons.

Moss Bank Autumn with Dave Webb


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